A complaint was raised in 1660 by the masters of merchantmen, tha tupon arriving at the mouth of the James, they found no one to steer their vessels up that stream and no beacons to mark the sites of shoals in its waters. Thus, Captain William Oewin was appointed as the chief pilot in the James River. Strick laws were passed prohibiting the master of a ship from breaking bulk before his vessel came to anchor off Jamestown Island.
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