New Town Excavation Map
It was the desire of the Virginia Company of London to build towns in Virginia which would possess a convenient and suitable number of houses, constructed together of brick and encircled by a battlemented brick wall. Exactly in the same way Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore, commanded the first Maryland settlers to lay out row houses in that first settlement. The excavations of Jamestown have borne out the fact that the typical city building was usually a row affair. However, the several rural homes within the city limits could not be classified as "town" houses. There are at least five groups of row houses known at Jamestown, and there are even stock sizes for such groups. Twenty feet by forty, measured on the inside of the walls, were the most common dimensions, inherited from the British medieval building laws.
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